Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine


  • to get acquainted with the basic diagnostic methods and medical terms in hematology
  • to learn the steps of diagnostic procedure for the most important hematological diseases

Tasks during the practical

  • examination of peripheral blood films and bone marrow smears using a light microscope
  • learn the maturation stages of blood cell lines, their morphological descriptions and how to recognize them
  • interpret and comment on patient cases (anamnestic data, peripheral smear and laboratory parameters are provided)

The cases discussed are:

  • healthy subject
  • iron deficiency anemia
  • anemia of chronic disease
  • alcoholic anemia, macrocytosis
  • hereditary spherocytosis
  • polycythemia rubra vera
  • essential thrombocytosis
  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • chronic myeloid leukemia
  • leukemoid reaction (sepsis)
  • infectious mononucleosis
  • chronic lymphoid leukemia
  • multiplex myeloma

Midterm and final examination

  • interpretation of the cases based on anamnestic data, peripheral smear and laboratory parameters (that were discussed at the practicals
  • recognize the different maturation stages of blood cell lines from a photo

It is not enough to state the diagnosis, the student must be able to analyze the cases in detail, identify cause-effect relationships, and know about the clinical background of the diseases (symptoms, prognosis, therapeutical approaches).

Advice for study

The beast approach is to learn the basics of hemtological morphology right at the beginning of the hematology block, then study as many smears as possible during the practicals with the guidance of your tutor. A good learning tool is the Hemosurf that can be used by the SeKA-login. You can also use the CaseViewer or Panoramic Viewer program to access the smears in the system of 1st Dept. of Pathology. The settings are:, „Korelettan”, „Korelettan”

Last change: 2017.09.03 10:13